Periodontal (Gum) Disease is a silent disease of the supporting structures of the teeth, including the gums, bone and periodontal ligaments. It is linked to many others diseases like coronary artery disease, diabetes and a weakened immune system. Periodontal disease often develops due to the accumulation of plaque around the teeth. If left untreated, it can eventually damage the bone and other tissues that support the teeth.
Periodontal treatment methods depend upon the type and severity of the disease. If the disease is caught early (when it is gingivitis), and no damage has been done to the supporting structures under the teeth, you may simply be given instructions on improving your daily oral hygiene after having a professional cleaning.
Even with these measures, some patients develop more severe periodontal disease that must be treated. The first step usually involves a special cleaning, called scaling and root planing. In this treatment, plaque and tarter are carefully removed down to the bottom of each periodontal pocket (a space that has formed between the tooth and gum that traps plaque and bacteria which cannot be removed with brushing). This treatment may be done over several visits, depending on your needs.
Dr. Vance and his team of professionals are skilled in conservative periodontal treatment methods, which include root planing and scaling to smooth roots and remove any accumulated plaque beneath the gumline.
Once your periodontal treatment is complete, Dr. Vance may recommend more frequent checkups. Regular dental visits, deep cleanings and good home care are important to keep periodontal disease under control.